Diazepam (Dextrostat, Diastat, Diastat Pediatric, Dizac, D-Val, Valium, Valrelease, Zetran)
Valium is the common brand name for Diazepam, an anti-anxiety agent, anti-convulsant, spasms, sedation and muscle relaxant. According to instructions from the manufacturers: Note: Valium is very habit-forming and can cause dependence in only 2 weeks. Valium should not be taken for more than 4 weeks.
Diazepam is frequently used as an anti-seizure medication, and it has been approved for anxiety in children as young as 6 months and commonly used to treat anxiety disorders. They are sometimes used for adjunct treatment of bipolar mania and to treat catatonia. This drug may be more likely to cause “paradoxical disinhibition” which is characterized by acute excitement and an altered mental state in children compared to adults, especially in children with autism spectrum disorders and developmental delay.
Doses range: for 6 mo-12 years are 0.12-0.8 mg/day and may be divided. For 13 years and older: Dose ranges 2-10 mg.
Major Side Effects may include shakiness and unsteady walk, trembling, or other problems with muscle control or coordination and sleepiness.