Methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta, Daytrana, Medikinet, Metadate, Methylin, and Aptensio) is a central nervous system stimulant. It affects chemicals in the brain and nerves that contribute to hyperactivity and impulse control. Ritalin is also used to treat attention deficit disorder (ADD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and narcolepsy.
*Note: You should not use Ritalin if you have a personal or family history of tics (muscle twitches) or Tourette’s syndrome; or severe anxiety, tension, or agitation (stimulant medicine may make these symptoms worse).
Doses: Children (6 years and over) Ritalin should be initiated in small doses, with gradual weekly increments. Daily dosage above 60 mg is not recommended. If improvement is not observed after appropriate dosage adjustment over a 1-month period, the drug should be discontinued. Most recommendations start doses at 5 mg twice daily (before breakfast and lunch) with gradual increments of 5 to 10 mg weekly.
Side Effects may include fast heartbeat, chest pain, fever, joint pain, skin rash or hives, gastrointestinal issues, headaches and trouble sleeping.
Methylphenidate (MPH) is a psychostimulant that is moderately effective in the treatment of hyperactivity in children with ASDs, but its use may be limited by adverse effects.